Cambodia is currently transitioning from malaria control to elimination. Currently, 58 out of Cambodia’s 99 operational districts are malaria endemic. The National Malaria Control Program (NMCP), housed under the National Center for Parasitology, Entomology and Malaria Control (CNM), has made substantial progress in reducing malaria morbidity and mortality since the late 1990s, when the country emerged from three decades of political upheaval.
In the last decade, Cambodia successfully extended access to insecticide treated bed nets, strengthened malaria diagnosis and treatment at public health facilities, and extended access to early diagnosis and treatment for high-risk populations through Village Malaria Workers (VMWs) and private providers participating in the Public-Private Mix (PPM) program. The decline in malaria burden reflects the success of such initiatives.
National prevalence, measured by microscopy, has steadily declined from 4.4% in 2004 to 0.1% in 2013. Total cases in the public sector (Public Health Facilities and Village Malaria Workers (VMW)) decreased from 102,628 in 2005 to 46,590 in 2017. Additional 30.214 cases were treated in 2017 by licensed private providers enrolled in Public-Private Mix program (PPM) for malaria.
In 2017, P.falciparum infections and mixed infections accounted for 60% of the total cases.
- 56% of the total population are at risk (total population: 15.3 million)
- 76,804 cases of malaria and 1deaths in 2017
- 5.0 Annual Parasite Index (cases/1,000 population/year)
- Dominant malaria species: P. falciparum
- Elimination goal: zero indigenous Pf cases and zero deaths by 2020